An initial examination took place as standard for a physician to properly evaluate the patient.The patient's home climate, their normal diet, and astrological charts were regarded during consultation.Hundreds of temples devoted to Asclepius have been found throughout the Greek and Roman empire to which untold numbers of people have flocked for cures.
The written treatises within the Corpus are varied, incorporating medical doctrine from any source the Greeks came into contact with.
At Alexandria in Egypt, the Greeks learned the art of surgery and dissection,; the Egyptian skill in these arenas far surpassed those of Greeks and Romans due to social taboos on the treatment of the dead.
The healing occurred either in the person's dream or advice from the dream could be used to seek out proper treatment for illness elsewhere.
Afterwards the visitor to the temple bathed, offered prayers and sacrifice, and received other forms of treatment like medication, dietary restrictions, and an exercise regiment, keeping with the Hippocratic tradition.
The Greek medical foundation comes from a collection of writings known today as the Hippocratic Corpus.” The Hippocratic Corpus, popularly attributed to an ancient Greek practitioner known as Hippocrates, lays out the basic approach to health care.
Greek philosophers viewed the human body as a system that reflects the workings of nature and Hippocrates applied this belief to medicine.
Medicine in the Middle Ages had its roots in pagan and folk practices.
This influence was highlighted by the interplay between Christian theologians who adopted aspects of pagan and folk practices and chronicled them in their own works.
In Homer's Iliad and Odyssey the gods are implicated as the cause of plagues or widespread disease and that those maladies could be cured by praying to them.
This religious side of healing clearly manifested in the cult of Asclepius, whom Homer regarded as the great physician, and was deified in the third and fourth century BC.
The early Hippocratic practitioner Herophilus engaged in dissection and added new knowledge to human anatomy in the realms of the human nervous system, the inner workings of the eye, differentiating arteries from veins, and using pulses as a diagnostic tool in treatment.