Their region, Aguascalientes (Hot Springs), is still a provincial cultural center known for centuries for its excellent pottery, textiles, tiles and majolicas.
At fifteen, a census listed Jose Posada as a painter.
El Esfuerzo had a engraving, lithography, and photography workshop, along with bookbinding, foundry, blacksmithing, and coachwork facilities.
The shop, "El Esfuerzo" as it was called, was a center where political and cultural problems were discussed.
would someday be celebrated as the first humorist in modern art?
Today, his political and satirical skeletons, these ubiquitous images of death come alive, symbolize Mexico's intimate and comfortable relationship with death best expressed in the annual Dia de los Muertos (Day of the Dead ) holiday.
Antonio Vanegas, together with Posada and his first illustrator, Manuel Manilla gave popularity to what, until then, had not been the much practiced theme of "calaveras," drawings and verses about the living in terms of the dead.
Posada described with originality the spirit of the Mexicans: the political matters, the daily life, the terror for the end of the century and for the end of the world, besides the natural disasters, the religious beliefs and the magic.
The following year he began working for the publisher Antonio Vanegas Arroyo, whose shop was right next to the Academy of San Carlos, Mexico's foremost art school.
This relationship with Mexico's leading publisher of popular literature would last until Posada's death, in 1913.
He attended for a short time the Academia Municipal de Dibujo de Aguascalientes, directed by Antonio Varela where Posada learned basic concepts by imitating the European classics.
In 1872 Jos Posada at the age of 16, had became an apprentice to Jos Trinidad Pedroza, a publisher, printer, and graphic artist.
It is held during the last 2 weeks of April and the 1st week of May.