While no single group enjoys an absolute numeric majority, four major groups constitute 60% of the population: Hausa-Fulani in the north, Yoruba in the west, and Igbo in the east.Other groups include: Kanuri, Binis, Ibibio, Ijaw, Itsekiri, Efik, Nupe, Tiv, and Jukun.Naturalistic terracotta, bronze heads and other artifacts dating as far back as the 10th Century show just how early the Yoruba developed an advanced civilization.
Until 1989 the capital was Lagos, with a population of about 2,500,000, but the government recently moved the capital to Abuja.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER Nigeria lies entirely within the tropics yet there are wide climactic variations.
Although the Hausa had common languages, culture, and Islamic religion, they had no common king.
Kano, the most powerful of these states, controlled much of the Hausa land in the 16th and 17th Centuries, but conflicts with the surrounding states ended this dominance.
Temperatures of over 90°F are common in the north, but near the coast, where the humidity is higher, temperatures seldom climb above that mark.
Inland, around the two great rivers, the wet season lasts from April-Oct. Temperatures are highest from Feb-April in the south and March June in the north; they're lowest in July and Aug. HISTORY Virtually all the native races of Africa are represented in Nigeria, hence the great diversity of her people and culture.
The earliest occupants of Nigeria settled in the forest belt and in the Niger Delta region.
Today there are estimated to be more than 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria.
The empire lasted for 1,000 years (until the 19th Century) despite challenges from the Hausa Fulani in the west and Jukun from the south. D., the Hausa were building similar states around Kano, Zaria, Daura, Katsina, and Gobir.
However, unlike the Kanuri, no ruler among these states ever became powerful enough to impose his will over the others.
Everything is confidential and done in good taste, with style.