Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often exhibit aggressive and/or self-injurious behaviors that can frighten parents, caregivers, and playmates.
Causes for biting can be as unique as the child, but some of the most common are: Even while collecting data, it is important to attempt to curb the behavior, so during the observation process, use these immediate interventions to keep everyone safe and to let your child know biting is never acceptable.If the biting is self-injurious, the bite will need to be attended to, but it is best not to fret or show dismay when that occurs.For younger children, limit the options to two so they are not overwhelmed.As children age, the number of choices can be expanded, but don't overdo it.Whatever strategies or interventions are used, it is incredibly important to be consistent in implementing them.
All people involved with the child must use the agreed-upon strategies each and every time the biting behavior occurs in order for them to work.
Behavior modification techniques such as those listed above are often effective, but there are other avenues of treatment.
Some, however, are aversive techniques that should be discussed fully with a professional before being implemented.
It is much easier and more reinforcing to reward appropriate behaviors than it is to change and/or redirect inappropriate ones.
It is particularly difficult to manage challenging behaviors that are the result of a desire to escape or avoid a task or situation.
Fortunately, there are several resources and proven strategies that can help families deal with self-injurious and aggressive behaviors like biting.