About 200 volunteers reported as 'gunners' on merchant ships or to guard the Paramaribo harbour. More about ANTON DE KOM Lodewijk Alphonsus Maria (Lou) Lichtveld (Paramaribo 1903-Amsterdam 1996), better known by his writers-name Albert Helman, descended from the colored elite of Suriname. As a twelve year old boy Lodewijk came to Holland for a study to become a priest (at the famous boarding school Rolduc, also small-seminarium of the diocese of Roermond. He attended a musical education and worked as an organ-player and composer. Here he received an education as a teacher and he also studied music.
Mr Mehciz remembers the conscripts sometimes practised at the firing range in the Cultuurtuin. The writings from De Kom which were taken during house search, never showed up again. There was a working schedule, with a separate one for the punished. When De Kom demanded to speak to the governor, he was arrested. They were quartered in the Selecta school in the Burenstraat. In June 1934 De Kom supplied an article about Suriname for this magazine. The Princess Irene Brigade had a Dutch detachment in Paramaribo. These reports also state he was in contact with the also shadowed Surinam Komintern-man Otto Huiswoud, editor of the European edition of The Negro Worker. The plaque at the Waterkant lists 29 names of sailors, most of them from gunners (see below). For the NRC and the Groene Amsterdammer (Dutch newspapers) he reported about the struggle for survival of the republic against fascism.
During the war 48 ships from the KNSM (Royal Dutch Shipping Company) were sunk; as a result 247 crew lost their lives. He would write a lot more novels, essays and poems. During the civil war he choose part (and fought with) the Republicans. In order to get enough schools to serve as barracks for the Militia, the government reduced the number of students, Mr. Because there was no free higher education in Suriname after high school, many students just kept coming. That was not simple for they hardly had had any military training during their service in Suriname. Two persons died and 22 were heavily injured (eight creoles, eight Javanese and six Hindostanis). Wijnkoop plead in vain for De Kom to be set free, who to his knowledge 'never joined any communist organization'. They were also put to work at construction projects like the road between Albina and Moenga and the section between Paramaribo and the Saramacca River ('the garrison path'). As an answer to the ongoing demonstrations the state of emergency was declared and on 7 February 1933 the surging crowd in front of the Office of the Public Prosecutor was dispersed with four salvoes.(Para-)military (Gunners, City Guard, Country Guard and the KNIL, Women's Aid Corps and Women's KNIL Corps, Dutch Legion, Princess Irene Brigade, Marines, Militia, The liberation of Western Europe, The liberation of the Netherlands Indies, Employment against or with the Indonesian battle for freedom, Surinam veterans of war, Late recognition, Plaque Waterkant/Onafhankelijkheidsplein) Lou Lichtveld (Albert Helman) Hugo Pos Twee militairen: Hugo Desire Ryhiner en Harry Frederik Voss Other military men and women (A-Tjak, Alvarez/Alvares, Balinge, Van Bazel, Burgzorg, Chateau, Van Eick, Emanuels, Gitz, Heidweiller, Van Helvert, Hilfman, Van der Hoogte, Huiswoud, Juta, Meijer, Netto, Del Prado, Salm, Spreeuw, De Vries, Vrieze, Wesenhagen, Wiers, Wooter) A group of marines from Suriname, the Netherlands Antilles and the Netherlands-Indies (Dissels, Kenson, Koulen, Kroes, Meeng, van Meerveld, Menig, van Niel, Renar, Wijngaarde, de Windt, Arloud) Fallen in the Dutch Merchant Navy (Askel, Alie, Beelds/Beeldstroo, Boldewijn, Bijnaar, Chateau, Cruden, Elmont, Emnes, Van Exel, Flu, Gesser, Kerster, Klooster, Markiet, Mecidi, Moore, Muller, Naardendorp/Naarendorp, Olff, Oostburg, Parisius, Pools, Rolador/Colader, de Rooy, Slagtand, Smiet, Stelk, Vrieze, Wikkeling, Woiski) Names from the Resistance (Bosschart, Bijleveld, Does, Ezechils, Fernandes, P. Part of this Brigade were the Surinamese Willy Wooter, Henri van Helvert and Leo Alvarez. Corporal Leo Alvarez was hit in the head at Oirschot by grenade shrapnel and died on 27 October 1944. Now he's concerned about the fate of the German speaking Jewish refugees. Flu, Gitz, Jdell/Van Es, Kanteman, Lashley, Lichtveld, Lu-A-Si, C. The liberation of Western-Europe During the invasion of Normandy the Princess Irene Brigade was put ashore as part of the British army in augustus 1944. On Dutch soil the brigade took part in the liberation of areas around Tilburg and Hedel. After the defeat of the democrats (1938) at first he flees to North-Africa and Mexico, but by 1939 he's back in Holland. Hugo Pos* also was a gunner for some time, on the 'Flora'. His best known work, in this style, is 'De Stille Plantage' ('The quiet plantation', 1931).